What is Carbon Steel?: Carbon Steel is metal alloy which is made up of iron and carbon mixed together. The amount of the carbon added to the steel varies, depending for which purpose the carbon steel is required. For instance, low carbon steel, is utilized for making fences, which is also known as wrought iron.
Uses of Steel: Carbon Steel can be used in various fields for various purposes. While low carbon steel is used for making fences, the mild carbon steel with “medium” amount of carbon used in it, is best suited and used for constructing bridges and buildings. The high carbon steel is mainly used for wires. Lastly, the ultra high carbon steel which is also known as “cast iron” is used in the making of pots and pans
- Wrought Iron: This type of carbon steel has the lowest amount of carbon used in it, which makes it harder. Wrought iron or low carbon steel is used in the making of fences, gates and things like railings. The low amount of carbon gives it a feature of versatility.
- Medium/ Mild Carbon Steel: This is the most used kind of carbon steel. As it is used for structural purposes in bridges and buildings. Carbon steel flanges, parts of automobiles, refrigerators etc are also made up of mild carbon steel
- High Carbon Steel: This type of carbon is very hard however brittle as well. High carbon steel is used to make strong and sturdy wires.
- Cast iron: In industries, this type of carbon steel is used for casting, because of the low melting point. It is also used in the making of pots. This type of carbon steel is also known as ultra high carbon steel.
Affect of carbon in Carbon Steel: The carbon used in the carbon steel, makes the material harder. The more the carbon in the metal, the more hard the material will be however it will become fragile and brittle.